Apps and online games for children to learn English as a second language (esl/efl)
A direct and pleasant solution is technology and games available both online and through mobile apps. In the following suggestions we present, children, will begin in no time to learn small words and start retrieving their lost confidence.
Online desktop games. Free online desktop games are simpler, but do not cease to be fun for children.
What is striking about these students is that they do not have issues in other subjects. Indeed they may be talkative and expressive in language and writing. Nevertheless, when confronted with numbers, their attitude changes. They feel powerless to respond.
The dyscalculia is considered to be a separate learning disability.
understanding of numbers and size. The numbers do not make sense.
calculating a set of objects even if it contains less than 10 numbers.
In learning the multiplication tables
To discern relationships between numbers. E.g.. 4 + 5 + 4 = 5
Difficulty memorizing numerical data etc.
Usually dyscalculia isaccompanied by hyperactivity or other learning difficulties.
In this article we chose to focus on multiplication tables because they are required in higher grades to easily solve complex problems without delay.
It is important to use different strategies for understanding the multiplication. For instance, 4×5 means 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 or if you know the table 2 then you know and the table of 4. For example 4×8 -> 2×8 and 2×8. 9 has many tricks as well.
Unfortunately for those who have learning difficulties and time is limited, the above strategies even though they are necessary they do not offer the desired results. We propose strategies that have to do with kinesthetic, images and sound.
All this number data is considered too much for a child who has difficulty, particularly from Table 3 until 9 table.
A solution that comes from Spain is the fast multiplication.
Basically, children are given half the multiplication tables in bright colors. See Fig. The use of this table is based on the commutative property of multiplication. That 3×9 = 9×3.
Disadvantage: As mentioned above, these children find it difficult to understand the relationship between numbers,
Advantage: however, by giving them half the tables, they are relieved emotionally and it reduces the amount of numbers to memorize.
Secondly when they begin to learn the first tables, we can practice them in the commutative property. Within a few weeks the children will be able to place firstly the small number to find the result.
Strengthening of the above method with motion
Add movement to the above method with a small door opening so that children can control by
themselves their answers. You can do it as a game, and each time the child finds the correct answer s/he keeps the door open. Use cardboard or cloth to build your own table.
Music. Learn their multiplication tables multiplication songs. Below is the song to teach the 4 table.
Disadvantage: the child learns lenearly the multiplication tables as the song but when you ask her/him to find an answer randomly, for example 9×5, the child is unable to answer. This is because they have not understood what it means multiplication, that is sequential addition.
Visualization of operations
A book for students who are visual learners shows each operation (multiplication and division) in pictures. It personifies numbers, gives them life so every operation hides a story. E.g. the toucan and the cat laugh with the snake chasing child. 7×8 = 56
If you have an artistic hand you can give form to the numbers on your own or together with the child. You can sit with her/him and create a story based on the shapes.
Disadvantage: It Takes time for the child to remember the pictures and the story.
You must either buy relevant books or enter the process to create images for each operation.
We need the same procedure for the division.
It does not mean that the student understands the concept of multiplication.
Advantage: Very effective for optical types and when all else seems not to be working. The child may revoke a random act he has connected with the image. You can connect the image and story with various multiplication tricks.
In conclusion we want to stress out that new methods appear constantly. Let us not forget the countless math games online. Try all the methods together for a powerful result. The multiplication tables are among the most important “weapons” in a world where the dominant role is played by technology. For a child to reach her/his full potential in math, the multiplication tables is a prerequisite. Let us not deprive her/him of this right.
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article written by Vias, translated in English by Margarita
Behavior management in the classroom is the process by which teachers and schools maintain appropriate behavior of students during class time. The purpose of the application of classroom management strategies is to enhance the positive and social behavior of students. Effective classroom management principles operate in almost all disciplines and at all educational levels. When using a tiered model supported by the whole educational system, behavior management programs in the classroom have been shown to be effective for 80-85 percent of all students.
Effective management of the classroom
behavior management in the classroom
The classroom management systems are effective, because they increase the success of students, creating a smooth learning environment that enhances academic skills and abilities of students and their social and emotional development. The management systems are most effective when they have three basic principles.
They emphasize the students’ expectations and behavior towards learning.
Promote active learning and student participation
Define the behavior of students for success and in particular:
A. Which behaviors are required to achieve the objectives of the course?
B. What effect has a specific activity for students’ role?
G. How will the teacher prepare students to take on those roles?
Advice for teachers
Do not use vague rules.
Do not use rules that you are reluctant to apply
.Do not ignore behaviors of students who violate school’s or classroom’s rules.
Do not use harsh or insulting punishments.
Do not use corporal punishment.
Do not try to solve problems on your own, if you have serious concerns about a student see the school psychologist or the school counselor
Classroom management systems are effective, because they increase the success of students by creating a smooth learning environment.
Article by Vias
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Demetra plays exquisitely with the words, transforming each sentence into a diamond. A book filled with dreamy images by Stella Karagiorgi, accompanies the stream of the author’s creativity.
We suggest this book:
Older children can experience through reading the exploration of a child. Here takes place the miracle of life and are being unveiled in an imaginative way breakthroughs into other words!
A journey in search of the child truth and cancer’s understanding and treatment
Mary and a White Pea. The young heroine constantly wanders why, where and how a White Pea got into her head. She sets up to find it and meet it. To understand it. Wandering between colorful dreamy-magic words, she encounters unique creatures that offer her their knowledge and their light helping her to know herself better. Until there comes the time to meet her White Pea.
A special story about the strength and love of the heart, sensitively given through fantasy positivism, symbolisms and humor.
Author: Demetra Socratous
Illustration: Stella Karagiorgi
Soft cover, 64 pages, colored, size: 26x20cm
self-published: December 2015
Price: €12- Part of the income will be donated for granting books to non-profit organizations that support children and adults with cancer and similar diseases.
Approved by the Cypriot Ministry of Education and Culture for the teacher’s and student’s library (2016)
Demetra Socratous: (Author) works as a teacher in Elementary Schools. She carries out theatrical play and non-conventional learning workshops. She is an active member and volunteer in various social and cultural organizations and youth groups. She writes stories and lyrics. She took the first prize at the 17th contest of Cypriot song composition by Cybc (R.I.K.) with the song “Eplanepses me mana mou” (librettist, 2008). The book “Mary and the White Pea” constitutes her first publishing effort.
Stella Karagiorgi: (illustrator) is an artist and researcher. She studied Art and History of Art at a PhD level. Her work focuses on the study of Cyprus prehistoric art and the application of ancient symbols, patterns and archetypes in modern expression. She investigates the parallelisms between ancient art and infantile art, and the concept of play. She participates in exhibitions in Cyprus and abroad, she organizes workshops and she offers counseling services cultural heritage.
As Growth mind-set gains ground in education, there is still a missing link. In the article of Gregg Toppo, Dweck’s words are mentioned that:
Teachers misinterpret growth mindset, and that they should praise children’s strategies and explain how these help bring the desired results.
This is more than true! Encouraging kids all this time as a teacher is… ok but I too was feeling that something was missing. Dweck explains it simply: Show them the strategies that can help them, which means differentiate. What teachers learn to do to cope with their various students is differentiation: finding different ways to support their students. In other words be flexible!
However Growth mindset will lose the battle if it fails to understand that
differentiation is not an easy thing to do.
So even though it’s wonderful, it has to get more practical. That is why I congratulate class dojo for explaining the idea though videos. Educational psychologists talk about differentiation but they need to realize that it’s an empty word when you have to respond to 25 students at the same time.
Can a teacher do this easily during the day? Is there enough time, to sit and explain to every child the right strategy? And what if one strategy is better for one child but not for another? What if each strategy requires a lot of time and practice to be learned well? What if the steps are too complicated for some children?
Reading a post by Jordan Shapiro I made a “connection”. Actually it was one sentence:
“in the early grades, it is not so much that some students are neglected as it is that the teacher can’t figure out how to reach them.”
Shapiro mentions the lack of common vocabulary between teacher and student. Nevertheless he envisions the solution in the future where game-based assessments and digital adaptive learning technologies will offer personalized assessment data that can help teachers help their students.
Jeffrey Bradbury points out as well that: differentiation can be achieved through the usage of technology. This means keeping data from students, use flipped classroom model and give students choice.
My point of view is that Growth Mindset supporters should turn their attention on making easier differentiation for teachers. This might be done though practical suggestions videos and technology with a big BUT!
Teachers are not digitally literate to use all the awesome technology that now exists. Meghan E. Murphy writes a crucial truth: only a few teachers know how to incorporate technology into their lessons. It is overwhelming for them and most of them learn how to use them in their own time.
Maybe this is the question that growth mindset supporters need to answer.
How to make differentiation easier for teachers and how can we attract teachers to digital literacy?
What solutions can we offer? We are standing at a point where we know the solution but we cannot implement it the best way we can. Of course we will do our best, like we always do, but seriously what do you think?
When we create educational content all of us want graphics or images that relate to our lesson and are attractive to our students. For many of us, the first move is to go to Google and use one of the images that we like from the search engine for images.
For personal use in our class it’s ok and we should cite the source of the material. But what happens when we want to share the content with colleagues or we want it for commercial use? Here, all teachers should be aware of the creative commons licenses and a good place to start with is the website creativecommons.org
If I don’t practice one day, I know it; two days, the critics know it; three days, the public knows it.
As a teacher what interests me mostly is not having flawless students but students who can easily overcome failure and be persistent. As individuals, children are much more sensitive than adults, a rule that applies to most of us. However, we can make children more resistant to failure. We can make children embrace failure and see it as a way of learning.
An interesting subject that the teacher can teach in life education course is the right mindset. A very good book on this subject and relatively easy to read is the «Mindsets in the Classroom» by the educational psychologist Mary Cay Ricci.
A teacher with a growth mindset believes that with effort and hard work, all pupils can be improved greatly and that is why all students need opportunities to be challenged.
The theory sounds very nice, but what we do in practice? The book contains some fine examples but a basic premise is that the teacher and parents have developed the Growth Mindset, the opposite of “fixed mindset» (fixed mindset).
Fixed mindset is when someone believes a child has a fixed intelligence and whatever he does he will not be able to improve significantly. When a child has a predetermined mindset, she believes that it is weak e.g. in mathematics and will never be able to evolve.
Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to change to “wired” and remodeled throughout the course of our lives. Through this capacity new connections are created while those that remain inactive eliminate.
Our neurons create new connections when we learn something new. These links are stronger with effort and practice. Interestingly, as many connections / synapses we have, the greater the density of our brain. The creation of new connections between neurons are initially difficult, it’s like creating a new path in the woods. Every time we cross the path, it becomes easier. The same happens with synapses. Initially something seems difficult because the brain has not many synapses formed. As we try and practice the more powerful these connections become and this is why the process becomes easier.
Some initial things we can take from the mindset development
We praise the children for what they do.
When we give praise for their work and for their trouble, children understand that their success came from their effort.
Do not praise children for their intelligence. It is like praising them for being tall. But this does nothing to understand that what matters most are the perseverance and the will.
We differentiate our teaching according to the students we have. Each student is indeed different but let’s avoid discussing this in depth since differentiation is a huge issue for discussion.
The students have higher results in lessons when they face a difficult task as a challenge and an opportunity for advancement. This is achieved through a growth mindset.
We see failure as a lesson and not as punishment
to be continued …
Here is a great video every teacher must see that wants to teach to children perseverance, patience and making the best from feedback. Through this activity children develop their vocabulary as they give feedback to their classmate.
In this video Ron Burger shows students the development of a first grader Austin in designing a butterfly Tiger which had to be created to be used in the course of science. The child each time listened carefully to the feedback from peers to improve his butterfly. In the end he creates six drawings!
The example of the butterfly is one of my favorites in Life education course. We introduce gradually Austin’s butterflies’ drawings to students while the children brainstorm about what could be improved on the drawing each time. We emphasize phrases by which we can begin our feedback without offending our classmate. We do not forget to emphasize what has been improved each time by the student.
Then we can give photos the students to design something similar. For young children do not insist much on improving the drawing as they get tired at the end of the repetitions in the draft, especially when it’s the first time. The most important for pupils is to receive feedback for improvement and to use it for their best.
More information can be found in the book “Leaders of their own Learning” by Ron Berger.
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